The Millennium Seed Bank (MSB) provides training, technical advice and equipment to partners, in order to enhance their capacity to collect, store and manage seeds of the world's species. The Seed Conservation Standards provide guidelines for how collections should be made, stored and managed, and the training programme is designed around helping institutions reach those standards.
Short courses range from day-long workshops to longer residential courses. Examples include a workshop on the use of seed in restoration and re-introduction run jointly with Flora locale, and the Seed Conservation Techniques Course which is the MSB's biggest course. The Seed Conservation Techniques Course brings together Scientists from across the Partnership to learn about the practical and theoretical aspects of ex situ seed conservation. During this course participants receive practical training in collecting, processing, drying, storage, moisture content assessment and germination testing of seeds of wild species. They also cover the theory of seed moisture relations, seed storage behaviour, how to predict seed storage life, and theoretical and practical aspects of seed bank management and design.
Short courses also take place at partner institutions. In 2018, training courses took place at 5 of our partner institutions which were:
National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Thailand
Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR)
South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), South Africa
Forest Research Department, Ministry for Lands and Natural Resources, Zambia
University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Kakadu National Park (KNP), Parks Australia, Northern Territory and Australian Seed Bank Partnership (ASBP), Australia
Training courses like these bring together partners from across the region, providing valuable opportunities for sharing knowledge and expertise between institutions.
After the COVID pandemic stopped international travel we adapted by creating online training materials as a mixture of pre-recorded lecture content and interactive learning sessions. The new materials were used for different audiences from a half-day workshop at the Australian Seed Society Conference for more than 50 people, to a regional 8 day seed banking course in Indonesia with materials supplied in Bahasa language. The Seed Conservation Techniques course was also held as a two week online training in 2020 and 2021 for 31 participants from 17 countries.
While we hope onsite and in-country training will resume in 2022 we will continue to develop additional online resources to make available to a wider audience than we can reach with in person training.
Technical attachments are bespoke visits for partners to learn about something specific, such as processing collections or germination testing. In 2018, three training attachments took place at the MSB with more than 20 participants from New Caledonia, Kyrgyzstan, Tanzania, Hawaii, Italy, Indonesia, Bhutan, Peru, Zambia, Singapore, Ecuador and Myanmar.
Joint collecting trips
Joint collecting trips provide a valuable opportunity for Kew staff and their partners to work together to address difficulties in making different collections, and learn from each other. It is also a chance to assess the effectiveness of training that may have been provided, and help implement the Seed Conservation Standards.
PhD, Masters and Undergraduate placements and visits
RBG Kew has links with universities worldwide and many of the staff at the MSB supervise PhD, Masters and Undergraduate students. Students from Kew's MSc in Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation have the opportunity to undertake their research projects at the MSB.
Training for Kew staff
Staff training is for both new members of staff and those wanting to get involved in collecting for the Millennium Seed Bank Partnership (MSBP). In the past more than 50 Kew staff have undertaken training at the MSB, learning skills in seed collecting and tree identification, and many have gone on the make collections of seed that are being banked at the MSB.
The MSBP also provides a number of technical information sheets available to the public, on different aspects of seed conservation practice and facilities.