The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Cyprus comprise parts of the island of Cyprus which remained British territory when the Republic of Cyprus was created in 1960. Edit image caption Akrotiri is located in the south of the island, near the city of Limassol (or Lemesos), while Dhekelia is situated in the southeast, near Larnaca. Both of these areas include military bases, farmland and some residential land. Akrotiri and Dhekelia together cover an area of 254 km², an equivalent of 3% of the entire island.

As part of the Mediterranean biodiversity hotspot, Cyprus holds a very rich fauna and flora. The salt lake at Akrotiri is the most important wetland on Cyprus and provides a winter home to greater flamingos. Colonies of griffon vultures and falcons and various reptiles and amphibians live within the bases. The bases also provide habitat for many migrant songbirds. Loggerhead and green turtles breed on the beaches of the bases.

In terms of botanical importance, the Sovereign Base Areas share with Cyprus several Mediterranean habitats, such as coastal communities, saltmarshes and Mediterranean garrigue, an aromatic thorny shrubby vegetation type. About 1800 plant species are known to grow on the island of Cyprus. Several botanic surveys indicate that the Sovereign Base Areas are home to at least 10% of Cypriot plant species.

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Progress in implementing the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation Targets

  • Target 1
  • Species checklist not complete
  • Target 2
  • Red List evaluation in progress
  • Target 3
  • No current activity
  • Target 4
  • Co-ordinated internationally
  • Target 5
  • Important Plant Areas not yet identified
  • Target 6
  • Farming land very limited
  • Target 7
  • Akrotiri wetland complex declared a Ramsar Site since 1992
  • Target 8
  • No current activity
  • Target 9
  • No activity
  • Target 10
  • Key invasive species still need identification
  • Target 11
  • No plant species in international trade
  • Target 12
  • No plant-based products produced presently
  • Target 13
  • Lacking necessary data to report on target
  • Target 14
  • Akrotiri Environment Education and Information Centre established in 2004; environmental education programmes established to local schools
  • Target 15
  • Lacking necessary data to report on target
  • Target 16
  • Parternship between the Sovereign Bases Areas with the relevant Cypriot Republic departments to ensure environment protection of the Ramsar Site

    Please use the links below to see further details on conservation activities in the UK Overseas Territories


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    Homepage of the UKOTs Online Herbarium

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    Please cite as
    UKOTs Online Herbarium (2011). Published on the internet at (date accessed).
    For further information
    Please contact Kew UKOTs Team

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